The first part of the article examines the crime problem from the social defence angle and generally analyses the voluminous data provided by expert committees on police, judiciary, prison, legal aid and correctional administration. The author submits that the scenario which emerges is disturbing enough to warrant drastic reforms not compartmentalized or incremental, but holistic and comprehensive. Taking the cue from the series of recommendations contained in the innumerable studies and reports, the latter part of the essay seeks to present the broad changes in policies and structures in order to arrest the fast-deteriorating law and order situation in the country and to restore the social balance necessary for democratic development. (Editor’s abstract.)



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